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ARLD001 DX news and ARLP001 Propagation de K7RA

Posted by Allan kb5doh on January 4, 2013 at 9:35 PM

:)

SB DX @ ARL $ARLD001

ARLD001 DX news

ZCZC AE01

QST de W1AW

DX Bulletin 1 ARLD001

From ARRL Headquarters

Newington CT January 3, 2013

To all radio amateurs

SB DX ARL ARLD001

ARLD001 DX news

This week's bulletin was made possible with information provided by

NC1L, The Weekly DX, the OPDX Bulletin, 425 DX News, The Daily DX,

DXNL, Contest Corral from QST and the ARRL Contest Calendar and

WA7BNM web sites. Thanks to all.

KENYA, 5Z. Bertrand, DF3ZS and Tom, DL1QW will be QRV as 5Z4/DF3ZS

and 5Z4/DL1QW, respectively, from Diani Beach from January 7 to 20.

Activity will be on 80 to 10 meters using CW, SSB and RTTY. QSL to

home calls.

SENEGAL, 6W. Francis, F6BLP is QRV as 6W7SK until January 18 from

Saly Portudal. Activity is holiday style on 80 to 10 meters using

mostly CW. This may include some activity on 160 meters. QSL to

home call.

FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY, DA. Special event station DL50FRANCE

is QRV during all of 2013 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the

French-German Treaty of Friendship, also known as the Elysee Treaty.

QSL via DK8VR.

PHILIPPINES, DU. Bob, WT3A is QRV as DU7TET and is usually active

on 160 meters between 0945 and 1300z. QSL to home call.

ST. VINCENT, J8. Al, W6HGF will be QRV as J8/W6HGF from Saint

Vincent and the Grenadines from January 9 to 24. Activity will be

on all bands, with an emphasis on the higher bands when possible

using mostly RTTY and other digital modes. QSL direct to home call.

MONGOLIA, JT. Chak, JT1CO has been active on 30 meters around

2100z. QSL direct.

PAPUA NEW GUINEA, P2. Nao, JA2VQP is working as a volunteer and

teaching mathematics at the Divine Word University in Wewak for the

next two years. He has recently been issued the call P29NO and

plans to be active in the coming months.

NETHERLANDS, PA. Special event station PD110MVV is QRV until

January 14 to commemorate the 110th jubilee of the football club MVV

Maastricht. QSL via PD3R.

SLOVENIA, S5. Special event station S5300TP is QRV during all of

2013 to mark the 300 years since the Tolmin Peasant Uprising of

1713. QSL via S59DAP.

MOUNT ATHOS, SV/A. Monk Apollo, SV2ASP/A has been active on 40

meters using SSB around 0600z to 0700z. He has also been active on

17 meters using SSB around 1400z. QSL direct to home call.

NAMIBIA, V5. Ewald, DJ2BQ is QRV as V5/DJ2BQ until January 18.

Activity is on 80 to 10 meters using RTTY. QSL to home call.

MONTSERRAT, VP2M. Bjorn, SM0MDG is QRV as VP2MSW until January 8.

Activity is mainly on 17 and 15 meters, and possibly 10 meters if

conditions permit. QSL via M0URX.

LAOS, XW. Larry is now QRV as XW1A. Activity is on 160 to 2 meters

using CW and SSB. This will eventually include RTTY. QSL via

E21EIC.

ROMANIA, YO. Members of the Radioclub QSO Banat Timisoara are QRV

as YP10KQT during all of 2013 to celebrate their 10th anniversary.

QSL via YO2KQT.

MACEDONIA, Z3. To commemorate the assignment of the Z3 prefix 20

years ago, special event station Z320RSM is QRV. Also, Special

event stations Z320A to Z320Z are also QRV. QSL via operators'

instructions.

THIS WEEKEND ON THE RADIO. The ARRL RTTY Roundup, Kid's Day SSB

Contest, EUCW 160-Meter CW Contest, QRP CW Fox Hunt, NCCC Sprint CW

Ladder, PODXS 070 Club PSKFest and the QRP ARCI Pet Rock CW

Celebration are all on tap for this upcoming weekend. The ARS

Spartan CW Sprint is scheduled for January 8. The CWops Mini-CWT CW

Test and QRP CW Fox Hunt are scheduled for January 9. Please see

January 2013 QST, page 87, and the ARRL and WA7BNM Contest websites

for details.

NNNN

/EX

:)

SB PROP @ ARL $ARLP001

ARLP001 Propagation de K7RA

ZCZC AP01

QST de W1AW

Propagation Forecast Bulletin 1 ARLP001

From Tad Cook, K7RA

Seattle, WA January 4, 2013

To all radio amateurs

SB PROP ARL ARLP001

ARLP001 Propagation de K7RA

The New Year brings dreams of solar cycles of old, so distant now,

sweetly remembered for their profusion of sunspots. We hear many

times from operators who began in the amateur radio service as

teenagers at the peak of Cycle 19. With youthful optimism, they

naturally assumed that radio propagation would always be like that,

when a few watts and a modest radiator on 10 meters spanned the

globe during all the days and nights.

If you were age 13 to 17 in 1957 to 1959, the peak of Cycle 19,

perhaps you were born between 1941 and 1945, and probably looked

forward to the next peak in activity. That may have been a

disappointment when Cycle 20 peaked around 1969, as that had a

somewhat broader peak but at a far lower level. You can see it

graphically at http://wm7d.net/hamradio/solar/historical.shtml.

These young adults, now 24 to 28 years old in 1969, might be busy

starting families and careers, and no doubt fondly recalling simpler

times and the tremendous propagation of their younger years.

Cycle 21 peaked around 1980, and the former teenaged ham of Cycle 19

was now 35 to 39 years old. This was quite an improvement over the

last cycle, as was Cycle 22, which looked like an echo of Cycle 21.

Cycle 22 peaked around 1991-1992, with a more pronounced

double-peak. The former teenager was now 47 to 51 years old, solidly

into middle-age, and still wondering if sunspot activity would ever

roar back to the levels of the late-1950s.

The following cycle, number 23, was another double-peak, but

significantly lower in 2000 to 2002 than the previous cycle. Perhaps

another disappointment for the now 56 to 60 year old ham, who then

sees solar activity slide into a long and low minimum over the next

decade, impossible to imagine 60 years earlier. The 160 meter

operators, quite happy in this situation with a much quieter Sun,

have no such longing for the active Sun of yesteryear.

Now the young ham of the late 1950s contemplates the peak of Cycle

24, apparently much lower than any seen in most of the past century,

and expected to grow to maximum this year. Now we have many more

tools to observe and measure both solar activity and propagation,

and we know that activity could still increase significantly. Some

foresee decades of lower activity, but of course predicting future

solar activity is a very tricky proposition, and anything could

happen.

At

http://www.solen.info/solar/images/comparison_recent_cycles.png

you can see a comparison of recent cycles, from 21 to the current

24.

While we've seen a number of papers and predictions for a series of

quieter sunspot cycles, some disagree. For instance, Michael

Proctor, professor of Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics at Cambridge

University is not convinced. He was quoted this year as saying,

"This present cycle is similar to the weak one that ended in 1913,

and that was followed by a strong cycle."

Those were Cycles 14 and 15, and Cycle 15 was only strong relative

to 14. Cycles 17, 18 and 19 were stronger than 15, and so were 21,

22 and 23.

It is also important to remember there is wild variability in solar

activity. To make those graphs of sunspot numbers appear smooth,

each point on the graph actually represents an average of a year of

data. When averaged, the flurry of solar activity at the end of 2011

and some future activity in 2013 could appear as a broad peak on a

graph.

NASA looks frequently at their predictions for the current cycle,

and often adjusts them every month. The latest shows a smoothed

sunspot number a bit lower than the forecast from several weeks ago.

In the December 10 forecast they predicted a smoothed sunspot number

of 72 in the late in 2013, but that number is now 69 in the January

2 release. Note these are the lower international sunspot numbers,

which are always less than Boulder numbers presented in this

bulletin. Read the report at

http://solarscience.msfc.nasa.gov/predict.shtml.

With the change from 2012 to 2013, now is a good time to review

sunspot numbers and trends. Average daily sunspot numbers in 2013

were up substantially from 2012. From 2004 through 2012 the yearly

progression was 68.6, 48.9, 26.1, 12.8, 4.7, 5.1, 25.5, 29.9 and

82.3. I took all the daily sunspot numbers for 2012, added them

together, and the sum was 30,133. Divide that by 366 (the number of

days in 2012, a leap year) and the result is approximately 82.3. In

2011 it was 10,913 divided by 365, yielding 29.9.

The 2012 average was higher than any year after 2003. But at the

peak of Cycle 23, the averages from 1998 to 2003 were all higher:

88.7, 136.3, 173, 170.3, 176.7, and 109.2. It seems unlikely that

average daily sunspot numbers this year will reach anywhere near the

level of 2000-2002.

We observe a moving 3-month average of sunspot numbers, in an

attempt to smooth out some of the variations. Unfortunately, the

past three months were much lower then the three month period ending

one month earlier. The current average of 74.4, centered on November

2012, is lower than any three month period since averages centered

on February and March of 2012.

The 3 month period previous to the current one is centered on

October 2012, and covers September through November. The average

then was 82.3. To recap averages from previous bulletins, the

three-month moving averages of daily sunspot numbers centered on

July 2011 through November 2012 were 63, 79.6, 98.6, 118.8, 118.6,

110, 83.3, 73.7, 71.2, 87.3, 91.5, 96.5, 91.9, 89.9, 81.2, 82.3, and

74.4.

Looking at the past week, yesterday we saw a sizable gain in solar

flux, when the value went from 106.7, 113.6, 117.8, and 119 to

128.8, on December 30 through January 3. NOAA and USAF predict solar

flux at 130 on January 4-6, 125 and 120 on January 7-8, 115 on

January 9-10, 110 on January 11, 105 on January 12-13, 110 on

January 14-17, 115 on January 18-20, and 120 on January 21-23.

Predicted planetary A index is 5 on January 4-12, 10 on January 13,

5 on January 14-25 and 8 on January 26.

F.K. Janda, OK1HH issues a weekly geomagnetic forecast. This week he

says geomagnetic conditions will be quiet January 4, quiet to active

January 5, mostly quite January 6, quiet January 7-9, quiet to

unsettled January 10-12, active to disturbed January 13, quiet to

unsettled January 14-16, quiet January 17-19, mostly quiet January

20-21, and quiet on January 22-26.

If you would like to make a comment or have a tip for our readers,

email the author at, [email protected]

For more information concerning radio propagation, see the ARRL

Technical Information Service web page at

http://arrl.org/propagation-of-rf-signals. For an explanation of the

numbers used in this bulletin, see

http://arrl.org/the-sun-the-earth-the-ionosphere. An archive of past

propagation bulletins is at

http://arrl.org/w1aw-bulletins-archive-propagation. Find more good

information and tutorials on propagation at

http://myplace.frontier.com/~k9la/.

Monthly propagation charts between four USA regions and twelve

overseas locations are at http://arrl.org/propagation.

Instructions for starting or ending email distribution of ARRL

bulletins are at http://arrl.org/bulletins.

Sunspot numbers for December 27 through January 2 were 78, 54, 49,

37, 87, 99, and 90, with a mean of 70.6. 10.7 cm flux was 106.8,

105.8, 104.3, 106.7, 113.6, 117.8, and 119, with a mean of 110.6.

Estimated planetary A indices were 1, 2, 3, 4, 2, 1, and 3, with a

mean of 2.3. Estimated mid-latitude A indices were 0, 2, 3, 4, 1, 1,

and 2, with a mean of 1.9.

NNNN

/EX

Categories: World Amateur News

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